I dag fattar regeringen beslut om att erkänna staten Palestina.
Viktigt steg. Somliga kommer att hävda att beslutet kommer för tidigt. Jag är rädd att det snarare är för sent. Nya bosättningsbeslut försvårar en tvåstatslösning. Syftet med Sveriges erkännande är att bidra till målet att Israel och Palestina kan leva sida vid sida i fredlig samexistens, skriver utrikesminister Margot Wallström.
Alldeles för sent eller för tidigt?
Jerusalem Post skriver:
Officials in Jerusalem said that the Swedish move had to do more with domestic politics than with Israel and the Palestinians.
The move comes just three weeks after a Social Democrat-led minority government took power in Stockhom.
Two years ago, the officials said, the party promised that it would recognize “Palestine” if it took power, as a way of luring the country’s substantial Muslim population to the country’s Center and Left parties. Muslims make up an estimated 6.5 percent of the Swedish population.
Israeli officials said that it was absurd that the government, which has been in power for less than a month and had not yet warmed up its seats, was “trying to play in the international arena.”
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on Thursday phoned Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven and thanked him for his country’s decision to recognize the “State of Palestine.”
Abbas expressed appreciation for Sweden’s “historic stance,” adding that it would serve the peace process.
Löfven told the PA president during the phone conversation that Sweden took the decision to help resume the negotiations over a two-state solution, Abbas’s office said.
Dags att läsa mer om historiken:
2012 United Nations observer state status
By September 2012, with their application for full membership stalled, Palestine had decided to pursue an upgrade in status from ”observer entity” to ”non-member observer state”. On 27 November it was announced that the appeal had been officially made, and would be put to a vote in the General Assembly on 29 November, where their status upgrade was expected to be supported by a majority of states. In addition to granting Palestine ”non-member observer state status”, the draft resolution ”expresses the hope that the Security Council will consider favorably the application submitted on 23 September 2011 by the State of Palestine for admission to full membership in the United Nations, endorses the two state solution based on the pre-1967 borders, and stresses the need for an immediate resumption of negotiations between the two parties.”
On 29 November 2012, in a 138–9 vote (with 41 abstentions and 5 absences), General Assembly resolution 67/19 passed, upgrading Palestine to ”non-member observer state” status in the United Nations. The new status equates Palestine’s with that of the Holy See. Switzerland was also a non-member observer state until 2002. The change in status was described by The Independentas ”de facto recognition of the sovereign state of Palestine”.
The vote was a historic benchmark for the recognition of the State of Palestine and its people, while a diplomatic setback for Israel and the United States. Status as an observer state in the UN will allow the State of Palestine to participate in general debate at the General Assembly, to co-sponsor resolutions, to join treaties and specialized UN agencies. Even as a non-member state, the Palestinians could join influential international bodies such as the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization, the World Bank and the International Criminal Court, where Palestinian Authority tried to have alleged Israeli war crimes in Gaza (2008-2009) investigated. However, in April 2012 prosecutors refused to open the investigation, saying it was not clear if the Palestinians were qualified as a state – as only states can recognize the court’s jurisdiction.
The UN nod can also help to affirm the borders of the Palestinian territories that Israel occupied in 1967. Theoretically Palestine could even claim legal rights over its territorial waters and air spaceas a sovereign state recognised by the UN.
The UN has, after the resolution was passed, permitted Palestine to title its representative office to the UN as ”The Permanent Observer Mission of the State of Palestine to the United Nations”, seen by many as a reflexion of the UN’s de facto recognition of the State of Palestine’s sovereignty, and Palestine has started to re-title its name accordingly on postal stamps, official documents and passports. The Palestinian authorities have also instructed its diplomats to officially represent ”The State of Palestine”, as opposed to the ”Palestinian National Authority”. On 17 December 2012, UN Chief of Protocol Yeocheol Yoon decided that ”the designation of ‘State of Palestine’ shall be used by the Secretariat in all official United Nations documents”.
Följande länder har erkänt Palestina som stat före Sverige:
Argentina. Bolivia, Brasilien, Bulgarien, Chile, Cypern, Ecuador, Guatemala, Indien
Island, Irak, Kina, Malta, Mongoliet, Polen, Rumänien, Ryssland, Thailand, Ungern